Front crawl, also known as freestyle, is one of the most popular swimming strokes and is a fundamental skill for both competitive swimmers and recreational swimmers. However, the technique for front crawl stroke can differ significantly when swimming in the controlled environment of a pool and in the unpredictable waters of open water or during triathlons.
There are a number of considerations that can be explored between the differences of swimming pool front crawl stroke and an open water/triathlon front crawl stroke. There are various factors highlighting the unique challenges and adaptations required for each environment.
Swimming Pool Front Crawl Stroke
1. The Controlled Environment:
Pool swimming offers a highly controlled environment with clear water, consistent water temperature, and distinctly marked swimming lanes. Swimmers can focus solely on their technique without external factors affecting their performance. This controlled environment allows for the utilization of streamlined body position techniques that are often different from those used in open water.
2. Flip Turns and Wall Push-offs:
In a swimming pool, swimmers perform tumble turns at the end of each length. This technique involves flipping over underwater, pushing off the wall, and continuing with the stroke. Tumble turns are not a part of open water swimming and are used to maintain momentum and minimize interruption in pool swimming. During a triathlon swim or open water swims, the swimmer does not have the luxury of gaining extra momentum by pushing off the wall and can only maintain momentum with the power, acceleration and endurance of their frontcrawl stroke.
When breathing in the pool, the frontcrawl stroke typically follows a pattern where swimmers inhale every few strokes. This pattern can be regulated based on a swimmer's comfort and experience (whether this breathing every 2, 3, 4 or 5 strokes…)
In pool swimming, there is no need to sight as the swimmer can easily follow the black line on the bottom of the pool. This eliminates the need for adjusting the stroke to accommodate sighting for navigation.
5. Starts and Turns:
Pool front crawl stroke incorporates dive starts and streamline underwater phases following each turn. Swimmers in pool competitions use these to gain an advantage over opponents.
Open Water/Triathlon Front Crawl Stroke
1. The Unpredictable Environment:
Open water swimming takes place in natural bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, or oceans. The environment is unpredictable, with factors like waves, currents, wind, water temperature, and water quality affecting the swim. During Strictly Swimming London lessons, we can focus on overcoming these unpredictable external factors.
2. Navigational Challenges:
Navigating in open water is a significant challenge. Swimmers must sight, or look forward, to ensure they are swimming in the right direction, as there are no pool lane markers. Sighting can disrupt the rhythm of the stroke. Again your Strictly Swimming London coach can tailor your lesson to concentrate on mastering this technique.
3. Sighting Techniques:
In open water, swimmers utilize sighting techniques to ensure they stay on course. Sighting involves lifting the head out of the water to look forward. The frequency of sighting can vary based on the course's conditions, but it typically disrupts the rhythmic breathing pattern.
In colder open water conditions, swimmers often wear wetsuits for insulation. The added buoyancy of a wetsuit affects body position in the water and may require adjustments to the stroke technique. At Nuffield Health Moorgate, we encourage our triathlete clients to bring their wetsuits to use during parts of the lesson and look at the variations that a wetsuit can impose on the frontcrawl technique.
In open water events, especially triathlons, swimmers can benefit from drafting behind others. This involves swimming closely behind another swimmer to reduce resistance. Drafting requires adaptability in stroke technique and proximity to other swimmers.
6. Energy Conservation:
Open water swimmers often aim to conserve energy since they have to navigate challenging conditions. Stroke efficiency and energy conservation become paramount, and swimmers may use a slightly different technique to achieve this goal.
Key Differences in Stroke Technique
1. Body Position:
In pool swimming, the emphasis is on a streamlined body position with limited body roll. Swimmers maintain a horizontal posture to maximize efficiency. In open water, body position may need to be adjusted for buoyancy, sighting, and to adapt to the impact of waves.
2. Leg Kick:
The kick in pool swimming is typically strong and consistent, with a two-beat or six-beat kick pattern. In open water, swimmers often employ a more moderate and adaptable kick to conserve energy and maintain stability in rough waters.
3. Rhythm and Stroke Rate:
Pool swimmers aim for a consistent, rhythmic stroke rate to optimize efficiency. In open water, the stroke rate may vary to accommodate sighting, navigation, and dealing with changing water conditions.
4. Breathing Patterns:
Breathing patterns are flexible in open water to accommodate sighting. Swimmers may use bilateral breathing or adjust the pattern to suit their navigational needs. Pool swimmers typically maintain a regular breathing pattern.
5. Stroke Length:
In open water, swimmers may shorten their stroke length to adapt to crowded conditions, avoid collisions, and maintain their course. This differs from pool swimming, where swimmers aim for longer, more efficient strokes.
6. Strokes per Breath:
Open water swimmers may adjust the number of strokes taken per breath to optimize their breathing and sighting. In contrast, pool swimmers often maintain a consistent stroke-to-breath ratio.
Training and Preparation
Preparing for open water or triathlon swimming requires specific training beyond the standard pool regimen. Swimmers must practice sighting techniques, adapt their stroke to varied conditions, and learn to deal with the psychological challenges of open water, such as the lack of visibility and the absence of pool walls. Additionally, open water swimmers need to train in open water to acclimatize to the conditions they will encounter on race day.
In summary, the front crawl stroke is a versatile and adaptable technique that can be used in both pool and open water settings. However, the environment and specific demands of each type of swimming necessitate variations in stroke technique. While pool swimming focuses on streamlined, efficient, and rhythmic strokes, open water swimming and triathlons introduce challenges like sighting, navigation, and adapting to unpredictable conditions.
The key to successfully transitioning between these two environments lies in training and experience. Swimmers looking to excel in both settings must adapt their techniques and strategies to meet the unique demands of each. Whether you're a competitive swimmer, a triathlete, or simply an enthusiast, mastering both pool and open water front crawl strokes opens up a world of aquatic possibilities and allows you to embrace the diverse joys of swimming.
At Strictly Swimming London, we can delve into any of the above topics during your lessons, whether it be sighting to streamlining or rhythm to rough waters.
Swimming and triathlon are highly demanding sports that requires rigorous training to achieve peak performance. Swimmers and triathletes often push themselves to the limit to improve their speed, endurance, and technique. While intense training is essential for success, there is a fine line between effective training and overtraining. Overtraining in swimming can have detrimental effects on an athlete's physical and mental well-being, as well as their overall performance.
Adult Swimmers and Overtraining
Adult swimmers, like their younger counterparts, are also susceptible to overtraining due to several factors. These individuals, driven by personal goals, competitive desires, or even the pursuit of fitness, can sometimes push themselves too hard, often without the proper guidance. Adult swimmers may overtrain by increasing training volume or intensity rapidly, as their enthusiasm for improvement can lead to the misconception that more is always better. In many cases, adults juggle demanding work schedules (especially in London), family responsibilities, and other commitments, leaving them with limited time for rest and recovery. This can result in insufficient recuperation between workouts, making them prone to the physical and mental consequences of overtraining. Additionally, adult swimmers may lack the experience or professional guidance required to manage their training loads effectively, ultimately making them vulnerable to the perils of overtraining. Please contact Strictly Swimming London for a lesson if you feel that you are experiencing problems in your training, and we can offer advice.
Overtraining, also known as overtraining syndrome (OTS), occurs when an athlete's training intensity and volume exceed their capacity for recovery. It is a complex and multi-layered condition that can affect swimmers of various levels. Understanding the signs and symptoms of overtraining is the first step in preventing it.
Signs and Symptoms of Overtraining
Causes of Overtraining
Several factors can contribute to overtraining in swimming, and it's often a combination of these factors that lead to the syndrome. Identifying these root causes is essential for prevention and intervention.
Effects of Overtraining
Overtraining can have severe and far-reaching effects on both an athlete's physical and mental well-being. These effects can not only hinder performance but also pose risks to an athlete's overall health.
1. Physical Effects
2. Mental and Emotional Effects
Prevention of Overtraining
Preventing overtraining is paramount to an athlete's long-term success and well-being. Implementing these preventive measures can help maintain a healthy balance between training and recovery.
If an athlete is already in the grips of overtraining, it is crucial to implement recovery strategies to alleviate symptoms and return to a healthy state.
At Strictly Swimming London lessons, we can create a lesson to reintroduce you back into the pool after overtraining, we can advise you in your lessons on overtraining if you have been suffering from many of the above problems and we can look at a training programmes with the focus on preventing overtraining.
In the world of fitness, swimming often takes a backseat to other forms of exercise like running or weightlifting when it comes to burning fat. However, this aquatic exercise offers a multitude of benefits that make it a powerful contender in the fight against fat accumulation. The science behind swimming shows how this form of exercise helps burn fat, metabolizes fat, and such science has paved the way to show the best forms of swim training to maximize fat-burning potential.
Swimming is not just a refreshing recreational activity but also a powerful tool for fat burning and overall fitness. As a full-body workout, it engages multiple muscle groups, elevates the heart rate, and incinerates calories effectively. Whether you're a beginner taking lessons or a competitive triathlete, understanding the interaction between swimming and fat burning can propel you toward a healthier, leaner physique.
Your Strictly Swimming London coach can help you achieve that slender body.
Understanding Fat Burning and Metabolism
Before delving into the specifics of how swimming aids in fat burning, it's useful to grasp the basic concepts of fat metabolism. The body primarily relies on two sources of energy: carbohydrates and fats. During moderate-intensity activities, the body initially uses carbohydrates for energy due to their quick availability. However, as the intensity and duration of exercise increase, the body gradually shifts to using fats as the primary energy source.
Lipolysis: This process involves the breakdown of triglycerides (the storage form of fats) into fatty acids and glycerol. These fatty acids are then released into the bloodstream to be utilized as fuel by various tissues, including muscles, during exercise.
Beta-Oxidation: Once in the muscles, fatty acids undergo beta-oxidation, a metabolic pathway that breaks down these fatty acids further to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the body's primary energy currency.
EPOC (Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption): After exercise, the body's oxygen consumption remains elevated as it works to restore various physiological processes to their pre-exercise states. This phase requires energy, and a significant portion of this energy comes from fat oxidation.
Swimming significantly influences metabolism by increasing the body's energy expenditure. As you swim, your muscles work harder against water resistance, prompting a higher metabolic rate. This, in turn, enhances fat metabolism as the body utilizes stored fats for energy, contributing to weight loss and improved overall metabolic health over time. Additionally, the post-swim period involves an elevated metabolic rate as the body works to recover, repair tissues, and restore balance, further enhancing the long-term benefits of swimming on metabolism.
Swimming and Fat Burning
Swimming, being a full-body workout, engages multiple muscle groups simultaneously. The water's resistance amplifies the effort required, making swimming an excellent aerobic exercise. This resistance helps build muscle strength, enhances cardiovascular conditioning, and amplifies the overall calorie burn during a swim, making it an efficient and effective fat-burning exercise. Let's explore how swimming facilitates fat burning:
Adults tend to burn more fat when swimming due to their higher muscle mass compared to children or adolescents. Muscle tissue requires more energy, and as adults engage a larger proportion of their muscle mass during swimming, it results in increased fat oxidation to meet the heightened energy demand. Additionally, adults typically engage in longer and more sustained swimming sessions, allowing them to tap into fat stores for a more extended duration, further facilitating fat loss.
Triathletes often excel at burning fat during swimming due to their rigorous training routines. Their high level of cardiovascular fitness enables them to sustain longer and more intense swimming sessions, promoting fat oxidation as a primary energy source. Moreover, the cross-training nature of triathlons ensures that these athletes engage in various workouts, including swimming, which enhances their overall metabolic efficiency, aiding in fat burning throughout the entire race.
Optimizing Swimming Training for Fat Burning
While swimming inherently offers fat-burning benefits, structuring your training routine or lessons effectively can maximize its potential. Here are some strategies to consider:
Swimming is a versatile and effective exercise for burning fat and promoting overall fitness. Its ability to engage multiple muscle groups, elevate heart rate, and provide a low-impact workout makes it an attractive option for individuals seeking to shed excess fat. Through processes like lipolysis, beta-oxidation, and EPOC, swimming kick starts the body's mechanisms to utilize stored fat as a source of energy. By structuring your swimming training to include interval training, endurance sessions, variety, and consistency, you can unlock its full potential for fat burning. So, the next time you dive into the pool or take your lessons, know that you're not only enjoying the water but also engaging in a powerful fat-burning workout that benefits both body and mind.
At Strictly Swimming London, we can incorporate or even totally focus on fat burning workouts during your lessons.
In the world of sport and fitness, swimming, running, and cycling are three of the most popular cardiovascular exercises. Each activity has its own set of benefits and appeals to different individuals based on their goals, preferences, and physical conditions.
All three sports can help you become healthier and fitter, however amongst these disciplines, swimming often stands out as the ultimate winner. It not only improves your heart and lung health but also has some unique benefits that make it different from running and cycling. All three of these activities work your muscles and make your heart stronger, but swimming has a special advantage because of the water's resistance and buoyancy. Swimming is good for your joints, gives your whole body a workout, and can help you relax mentally. These are benefits that running and cycling can offer but not to the same level as swimming. So, if you're looking for a lesson or exercise that's gentle on your joints, gives you a full-body workout, and helps you relax, please contact Strictly Swimming London and book a lesson and let us teach you on why swimming is a great choice for staying healthy.
1. Low-Impact Exercise:
One of the standout advantages of swimming is its low-impact nature. When you swim, the buoyancy of the water reduces the stress on your joints, making it an ideal exercise for people of all ages and fitness levels, including those with joint issues or injuries. Running and cycling, while effective forms of exercise, can take a toll on the joints over time due to the repetitive impact. Swimming allows for a challenging cardiovascular workout without the risk of joint strain.
Swimming stands out as a remarkably low-impact exercise that brings a wealth of benefits to the body, particularly to the joints and other crucial areas. Unlike high-impact activities such as running or even certain forms of weightlifting, swimming involves moving through water, which provides a cushioning effect that significantly reduces the stress on joints and bones.
The buoyant nature of water is a key factor that contributes to the low-impact nature of swimming. When you're submerged in water, your body weight is supported, leading to decreased pressure on joints like the knees, hips, and ankles. This buoyancy not only lessens the risk of impact-related injuries but also allows individuals with joint conditions or those recovering from injuries to engage in exercise without exacerbating their discomfort.
Moreover, swimming's fluid movements work in harmony with the body's natural range of motion. The water's resistance provides a gentle yet effective workout, engaging muscles without straining joints. This makes swimming an ideal choice for people seeking a cardiovascular exercise that enhances muscle strength while minimizing wear and tear on the body's framework.
In addition to its joint-friendly attributes, swimming offers an overall workout that promotes balanced muscle development. The various strokes and movements required during swimming engage muscles from head to toe, encouraging overall body strength without placing undue stress on any single area. This comprehensive workout not only helps in muscle toning but also supports joint stability by ensuring that surrounding muscles adequately support them. Many people move from running to triathlon to try and get the balance of low impact sports in their weekly workouts.
For those recovering from injuries or individuals with conditions like arthritis, swimming can serve as a valuable rehabilitation tool. The controlled environment of the water allows for gradual progression in intensity and range of motion, enabling individuals to regain strength and mobility while minimizing the risk of setbacks.
2. Full-Body Engagement:
Swimming stands out for its ability to engage multiple muscle groups simultaneously. The resistance provided by water forces your body to work against it, resulting in a comprehensive full-body workout. In contrast, running primarily targets the lower body muscles, and cycling focuses predominantly on the legs. Swimming's various strokes, such as freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly, engage the arms, legs, core, and back, leading to balanced muscle development and improved overall strength.
Swimming stands as an exceptional workout that engages and develops all major muscle groups in the body. As you glide through the water, the resistance it offers requires your muscles to work against it, leading to a comprehensive full-body workout. Different swimming strokes target specific muscle groups, ensuring a balanced approach to muscle development.
Strokes like freestyle involve the arms, shoulders, chest, and back, sculpting the upper body. Breaststroke engages the chest, shoulders, triceps, and thighs. Butterfly challenges the core, back, shoulders, and legs, enhancing both strength and coordination. Backstroke strengthens the upper back, shoulders, and arms.
Additionally, the water's resistance aids in toning muscles without placing excess strain on joints. Whether you're an occasional swimmer or a dedicated enthusiast, swimming's ability to target every muscle group makes it a versatile and effective way to achieve a well-rounded and balanced physique.
3. Cardiovascular Fitness:
All three activities – swimming, running, and cycling – contribute to cardiovascular fitness by increasing heart rate and improving circulation. However, swimming has a unique advantage when it comes to breath control. Coordinating your breathing with your strokes enhances lung capacity and strengthens the cardiovascular system. This controlled breathing aspect adds an extra layer of benefits to swimming that sets it apart from running and cycling.
4. Calorie Burn and Weight Management:
Swimming is a calorie-burning powerhouse. The resistance of the water requires more effort, resulting in higher energy expenditure. Moreover, the body's natural response to the cooling effect of water involves burning extra calories to maintain its core temperature. Running and cycling also burn calories effectively, but swimming's combination of resistance and temperature dynamics provides a distinctive advantage in calorie consumption and weight management.
5. Joint Flexibility and Range of Motion:
The fluid movements of swimming promote joint flexibility and a wider range of motion. The stretching and reaching involved in swimming strokes help improve flexibility in the shoulders, hips, and spine. Running and cycling, though beneficial, lack the same level of joint flexibility enhancement due to their repetitive nature. Swimming is particularly valuable for those seeking to maintain or improve joint health while staying active.
6. Low Heat Impact:
Swimming offers a refreshing reprieve from high-impact activities in warm weather. The water's cooling effect minimizes the risk of overheating during intense workouts. Running and cycling in hot conditions can lead to heat-related issues, making swimming a safer and more comfortable option when the sun is blazing.
7. Stress Relief and Mental Well-being:
While all three activities trigger the release of endorphins – the body's natural "feel-good" chemicals – swimming provides an additional mental health advantage. The sensation of being in water has a calming effect, reducing stress and anxiety levels. The rhythmic and repetitive nature of swimming strokes can induce a meditative state, contributing to enhanced mental well-being and relaxation.
8. Rehabilitation and Injury Prevention:
Swimming is often recommended for rehabilitation purposes due to its low-impact nature. It is gentle on injuries and can aid in recovery from conditions such as sprains, strains, and stress fractures. Additionally, swimming helps prevent injuries by strengthening muscles and improving joint stability. Running and cycling, while excellent forms of exercise, can sometimes exacerbate existing injuries or lead to new ones due to their impact on joints. We can tailor your lessons to reduce impact on your joints within your swimming strokes.
Swimming, running, and cycling all have their merits and cater to different fitness goals. However, swimming emerges as a clear winner when considering its low-impact benefits, full-body engagement, cardiovascular advantages, joint flexibility improvements, and mental well-being enhancements. While running and cycling have their place in a well-rounded fitness routine, individuals seeking a workout that prioritizes joint health, muscle balance, and mental relaxation will find swimming to be an optimal and rewarding exercise choice. As always, consulting with a healthcare professional before embarking on a new exercise regimen is recommended to ensure it aligns with individual health conditions and goals, and we can monitor your swim
Many of our Strictly Swimming London clients entering into our triathlon swim programme and lessons have seen the benefits of swimming on their overall fitness, see please contact us on info@strictly-swimming,com to book a lesson.
Learning to swim is not only a valuable life skill but also an enjoyable and beneficial activity for people of all ages. However, there are several obstacles that adults often encounter while embarking on their swimming journey. These obstacles can range from physical and psychological challenges to environmental factors that impede progress.
1. Fear and Anxiety:
One of the most significant obstacles in learning to swim is fear and anxiety. Many adults experience a natural apprehension when first entering the water, especially if they have had previous negative experiences as a child or lacked exposure to swimming. Fear of water, also known as aquaphobia, can be a significant barrier to learning, as it triggers a strong emotional response that hinders progress.
Strategies to overcome fear and anxiety:
2. Lack of Confidence:
A lack of confidence can hinder progress in learning to swim. Individuals and adults who doubt their abilities or have a fear of failure may struggle to overcome obstacles and take risks necessary for skill development. This lack of confidence often stems from self-imposed pressure or comparison to others.
Strategies to boost confidence:
3. Water Discomfort and Buoyancy:
Water discomfort and understanding buoyancy can be significant obstacles for beginners. The sensation of water on the skin, the resistance it creates, and the unfamiliarity of being buoyant can cause discomfort and unease.
Strategies to overcome water discomfort and understand buoyancy:
4. Learning Coordination and Technique:
Learning the coordination and technique required for swimming can be challenging, particularly for those new to the sport. Coordinating arm and leg movements, breathing rhythmically, and maintaining proper body alignment require practice and focus.
Strategies to improve coordination and technique:
5. Environmental Factors:
Environmental factors such as crowded pools, strong currents, or deep water can pose additional challenges for beginners. Even as an adult, navigating these environments while learning to swim can create anxiety and disrupt the learning process.
Strategies to overcome environmental challenges:
Learning to swim as an adult can be a transformative and empowering experience, but it is not without obstacles. Overcoming fear and anxiety, building confidence, understanding water discomfort and buoyancy, mastering coordination, and technique, and navigating environmental challenges are essential steps on the path to becoming a proficient swimmer. By embracing patience, persistence, and a positive mindset, individuals can overcome these obstacles, ultimately building confidence, skill, and enjoyment in the water. Remember, the journey to becoming a confident swimmer is as rewarding as the destination itself.
Our Strictly Swimming London coaches can tailor your adult swimming lessons to develop relaxation in the water and overcome your fears with practice.
Paul started competing in swimming from the age of 8 and eventually went on to represent his country all over the world. During his time at University, Paul specialised in Aquatics and the Biomechanics of Swimming and produced numerous theses on swimming performance.